Film Terminology

  • Genre ➡ “Name given to the types in which films are classified into. E.g. ‘Hangover’ is a comedy film
  • Codes ➡ “A Codes is a system of signs, which create meaning. Codes can be divided into two categories – technical and symbolic i.e. music
  • Conventions ➡ “Traditions within a film; It’s what you expect in a certain genre. E.g. Killing in a horror film; Aliens in a sci-fi film.”
  • Iconography ➡ “The visual images and symbols within a picture; symbolism; connotations. E.g.Children in horror films; horses and guns in western films.
  • Sub-Genre ➡ “A subgenre is a subordinate within a genre. Two stories being the same genre can still sometimes differ in subgenre. E.g. Chick Flicks, Film Noir, Fantasy, Courtroom Dramas.
  • Hybrid Genres ➡ “A hybrid genre is a film type that blends themes and elements from two or more different genres. E.g Action Comedy, Crime Fantasy, etc.
  • Audience Expectations ➡ “What the audience expect of the film. E.g. To be inspired, to learn, to laugh, etc.
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